VI/VIM : how to comment multiple line and 4 other tips I use everyday
For years I remain lazy and didn't learn the basics of editing. Just the
I for edit and
ctrl+x. But I learn that you can do much more with some simple tricks.
I was a heavy user of emacs but I never had a preference in the war between Vi/Emacs. I mostly use Red Hat based operating system (RHEL, CentOS or Fedora) so I start to use vi by default since it's the default text editor package.
Honestly for my usage I like it, It's enough to edit configuration file, made development in C, bash or other langage.
Comment and uncomment multiple line
To comment multiple lines go to visual block mode with
ctrl + v then select the line with the arrow.
After that go to insert mode with
shift + i. Type
That's it !
To uncomment go to visual block mode again with
ctrl + v then select the column with comments. After that you just have to type
d in order to remove comment.
Replace multiple occurence
For replacing all word
new in the whole document, just execute the command
:%s/old/new. If you just want to replace in the current line just remove the
% like that :
If it's not working you may have a problem with the
gdefault parameter. Just add
/g at the end, this will explicitly add the global flag.
For case insensitive you can add the
/i parameter at the end.
Dont forget to escape when it's needed.
Indent/Unindent multiple line
Go to visual mode with
v and select the lines with the arrow, then press
> to indent and
< to unindent.
Copy/cut and paste one or multiple line
To copy/cut paste one line, just press twice
y to copy or
d to cut then press
p to paste.
To do that on multiple line, go to visual mode to select a line or multiple line with
v then press
y to copy,
d to cut, move where you want and then press
p to paste.
Delete multiple line
If you've understand how to copy/cut and paste multiple lines, you'll already now how to do it... yes, go again to visual mode, select the lines then press
Obviously I know that I'm not a rockstar but I hope theses tips if you don't already know will helps you :) that's all for today!
Feel free to correct me if you see any typo or if something seems wrong to you.
You can send me an email or comment below.
Picture : Wikimedia